Cerebral palsy (CP) describes a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain. The motor disorders of CP are often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, perception, cognition, communication, behaviour, by epilepsy and by secondary musculoskeletal problems. (Rosenbaum, Peter et. Al. 2006 )
The ginger group, from Projects Coordination Team in Ankara Provincial Directorate for National Education, Turkey, behind the present project wished to investigate how parents and teachers of children with CP coped with this task. An internet search was carried on and the related research and literature were investigated. Meanwhile, discussion groups and face-to-face interviews were carried out as a preparation for the project. 20 teachers working at schools with CP pupils participated in the discussion groups once a week for 6 weeks. In addition, face to face interviews were conducted with 5 teachers and 15 parents at a school which mainly has pupils with Cerebral Palsy. According to these; it showed that parents as well as teachers lacked knowledge and competencies to assist the children at home and at school. Besides, they lacked information on services and possibilities of assistance. Parents also expressed the need to share their feelings, hopes and fears for their children as well as the need for leisure time and privacy.
Furthermore, research illustrates that the Quality of Life (QoL) of children with CP in terms of participation, social, attitudinal and physical environments is poor and parental stress index is often high. It should be stressed, however, that the factor QoL is primarily contingent on the environment in which a CP child is raised and thereby involves access to services and resources at local and national level. Therefore, QoL is also directly linked to national and social infrastructure, which differs from country to country. In some EU countries, this infrastructure requires further development in order to support the CP population more adequately and effectively.